Representative Government Definition :
There are three branches of the federal government in the US, legislative, executive, and judicial. The legal branch comprises the United States Congress, the bicameral legislature responsible for composing and passing all federal laws, among various other functions.
Back when the Founding Fathers drafted the Constitution, dispute stirred over the kind of legislature they’d have, one with equivalent representation, i.e., the same number of agents for each state, or of proportional representation, in which the number of agents reflected the size of each state’s population.
Not able to pick, they settled on both, a legal branch with 2 homes, The House of Representatives and the Senate, which form the Congress. This was all described in Post I of the Constitution, which also notes the functions, powers, and criteria of the Congress and its individual representatives.
A congressman’s main obligations consist of representing their constituents’ interests, working together to write laws, supervising other government agencies, and passing costs. However, of course, that’s all way simpler said than done.
To understand how it all works, we have to take a more detailed look at the two distinct houses’ makeup. The first and lower home is your home of Representatives made up of 435 chosen authorities.
Each state is set aside by several congress members figured out by their overall population. To become a member of your house, one needs to be at least 25, have actually resided in the United States for seven years, reside in this state they will represent, and be chosen by the people.
Members of Congress
Members of Congress serve two-year terms and are up for re-election every even year. Your home is led by the Speaker of the House, who is elected by the House of Representatives. The House has a few unique powers not shared by the Senate.
Just the House can start tax laws and spending expenses. Only your home can start impeachment of a president or other government officials. And if there is no majority in the Electoral College for one of the presidential candidates, it’s your house who casts the deciding vote.
The Senate, or the Upper House, comprises only 100 chosen members with 2 senators from each state. Here, a state like Wyoming has a voice as California, even though California has a much larger population.
To run for Senate, one must be at least thirty years old, have actually lived in the US for 9 years, and live in the state that they will represent. Senators serve six-year terms. Every even year, a 3rd of the Senate is up for re-election.
Before the 17th change was ratified in 1912, the state legislatures chose senators. And now, they are chosen by us, individuals. The vise president of the United States works as the head of the Senate. However, she or he may just cast a vote on the occasion of a tie.
The Senate solely has the power to authorize governmental visits and treaties. And when your house transfers to impeach a government official, it’s the Senate that attempts them. Together, both houses have the power to tax, coin money, state war, and control foreign and interstate commerce.
However, Congress’s bread and butter are writing and passing costs. Getting an expense passed is no simple job. An expense can come from either the House or the Senate. But before it gets voted upon, it goes through a series of committees, amendments, and flooring debates.
After a vote, it transfers to the other chamber, and the procedure continues. If one chamber makes any edits to an expense passed by the other, it needs to go back for another vote. Your House and Senate should vote to authorize the specific very same expense before it can proceed.
If that stops working on getting a majority vote, it has to be reintroduced. In the case it passes, it goes to the president’s desk for approval. A different scenario could be that the president selects to veto a cost, which basically voids it; Congress can push back the veto override.
However, to do this, they required a 2/3 majority vote in both houses. Stopping working to pass legislation is an inescapable part of a congressional regimen. Congress is the only branch of the federal government whose members are chosen straight by the individuals and the only part of government that tries to stabilize the relationship between the nation’s power and the private states.